& the Death Penalty
information on he death penalty debate in Alaska, including history and
resources on attempts to reintroduce capital punishment in Alaska. Last
updated 2 March 2000.
- History of the Death Penalty in Alaska:
Historical information regarding executions which took place in Territorial
Alaska prior to its abolition in 1957.
- Alaska State Legislature: The
Alaska Legislature has considered a number of bills in the past several
years which would reinstate the death penalty for specified crimes.
Also provided is detailed information on Senate
Bill 60, currently under consideration, which if passed would place
a death penalty advisory vote on the November 1998 ballot.
& Recent Developments
Provides a history of the death penalty in the U.S. since
1930 and links to significant U.S. Supreme Court decisions on capital
punishment and documents on recent developments in the status of the death
penalty nationally. Last updated 3 March 2000.
- The Death Penalty in the United
States: A brief history of the death penalty in the U.S. since 1930,
when death penalty statistics began to be collected on a regular basis.
This history emphasize death penalty statistics and the constitutional
history of the death penalty.
- Selected U.S. Supreme Court Decisions:
Links to important decisions since the 1972 Furman decision.
- Recent Developments & Future of
the Death Penalty: Links to reports from the United Nations Special
Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions, Amnesty
International, and the Death Penalty Information Center on recent developments
and the future of the death penalty in the U.S.
- Historical Resources: Other historical
resources on the death penalty in the U.S. and England.
statistical information on the death penalty and its application in the
U.S., including the number of executions and number of prisoners on the
nation's death rows. See The International Context
for international statistics and Death Row
for state-by-state information. Last updated 2 March 2000.
to state prison death row information, sites about life on death row and
death row prisoners, and methods of execution. Last updated 30 Mar 2000.
- Death Row: Summary Information:
Summary information on the status of the death penalty in the U.S.;
statistics by state on executions in the United States since 1930 and
persons under sentence of death.
- State Prison Death Rows: Official
death penalty information and statistics, execution procedures, death
penalty information from other sources, and historical information on
the death penalty in U.S. states which have a death penalty.
- Life on Death Row: Resources on life
in the death house and individual condemned prisoners.
- Methods of Execution: About the
five methods of execution currently authorized by states and the federal
government: lethal injection, electrocution, gas chamber, firing squad,
Death Penalty Debate
the debate on the death penalty with a number of sites providing arguments
on both the retentionist and abolitionist sides of the issue, including
law enforcement and religious viewpoints. Last updated 2 March 2000.
- Introducing the Debate: Resources
which present both sides of the death penalty debate in the U.S.
- Law Enforcement Views: Pro
and con views are both represented here.
- Religious Positions: Currently,
statements on the death penalty from the Catholic, Protestant, and Islamic
religious traditions are represented, as are links to biblical verses
touching on the death penalty.
a more in-depth look at relevent arguments on the cost of the death penalty,
the possibility of executing innocent persons. abitrary application of
the death penalty, including allegations about racial disparity and unequal
justice, and other issues. Last updated 2 March 2000.
- Deterrence: Contrasting views
on whether the death penalty deters would-be criminals from committing
- Retribution & Justice for Murder
Victims: Addresses the pro-death penalty argument that murderers
should be executed in retribution for their crimes and that such retribution
serves justice for murder victims and their survivors.
- Executing the Innocent: Addresses
abolitionist concerns regarding the possibility of executing innocent
- Limiting Appeals & Habeas Corpus
Reform: Contrasting views on whether limiting appeals for persons
convicted of capital crimes is advisable.
- Cost of the Death Penalty: Studies
on the subject are fairly consistent in concluding that the death penalty
is extremely expensive, more expensive even than life imprisonment without
possibility of parole.
- Alternative Sentencing: The
chief alternative to the death penalty proposed is life imprisonment
without possibility of parole.
- Fairness of the Death Penalty:
Addresses arguments about unfair and arbitrary application of the death
penalty, including arguments regarding racial disparities and the inadequacy
of indigent legal defense.
- Moratorium on the Death Penalty:
The American Bar Association, Amnesty International, and the United
Nations Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions
have called for a moratorium on executions in the U.S. until inequities
in the application of the death penalty can be addressed.
- Specific Populations: Resources
related to specific death row populations, including women,
retarded persons, and insane persons.
- Cruel & Unusual Punishment:
Contrasting views on whether the death penalty constitutes "cruel
and unusual" punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment to
the U.S. Constitution. Links to relevant statutory and case law are
also provided here.
& Sites, Pro & Con
links to organizations and web sites devoted to advocating either abolition
or retention of the death penalty. See also The
Debate: Religious Positions for links to religious sites advocating
for or against the death penalty. Last updated 7 March 2000.
links to international treaties and protocols on the death penalty and
other resources demonstrating how other nations view the death penalty.
Last updated 3 March 2000.
linked here provide news updates on the death penalty. For more in-depth
reports on recent developments in the death penalty in the past few years,
see History & Recent Developments: Recent
Developments & Future of the Death Penalty.
Indices to Death Penalty Information
on the Death Penalty